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Tuesday, March 30, 2010

Because of the global economy, many goods including what we use as daily basic produced by other counties have to be transported for a long distance. To what extent do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Written by Surjit

The global economy refers to the increasing integration of a fragmented national market for goods and services into a single global market. Kenichi Ohmae (1989), a Japanese consultant, calls global economy as the borderless world. There are many advantages and disadvantages of transporting goods over a long distance. In my opinion, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

Adam Smith, the Scottish economist and philosopher, stated that countries traded, because they had an absolute advantage. One nation’s workers could produce a given product more efficiently than workers in other countries. Rather than produce those products that it could produce but poorly, a country could specialize and exchange those products it produce efficiently for those produced efficiently by another country and, therefore, increase its overall wealth. The braking down of global barriers allows companies to benefit from the largest and cheapest workforces, raw materials and technology.

Other advantages that companies benefit from include: the opportunity for smaller companies to expand globally quicker, having more choice when recruiting a workforce and lastly the opportunity to target a large customer base. A global economy would also help in promoting international co-operative and piece. If countries are dependent upon one another’s economic success then armed conflict would be less likely.

One disadvantage of transporting goods and services across nations is that it has lead to the emission of green house gases. It has also resulted in the loss of domestic jobs as certain labor-intensive industries tend to shift their production from developed countries to developing countries where wages are lower.

To put it in a nutshell, it can be said that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages as we get more variety, more options, and it improves relationships between countries.

Thursday, March 25, 2010

Rote Learning

Rote Learning
Written by Surjeet singh

Rote learning is also known as memorization by repetition. Rote memorization is a term for fixing information to memory through sheer repetition. Rote learning is simply necessary in some areas. A child learns the ABCs by rote learning, long before he or she knows why.

Rote learning is also necessary in learning some languages like: Chinese, Urdu etc. For instance, students of the Chinese language utilize rote learning to memorize thousands of non-alphabetic symbols. Moreover, rote learning methods are routinely used when quick memorization is required, Such as learning one line in a play or memorizing a telephone number. Another area where rote learning is widely used is in the mastery of knowledge. Examples of school topics where rote learning is frequently used are - the periodic table in chemistry, multiplication tables in mathematics, anatomy in medicine, case or statutes in law, basic formulae in any science etc. Finally, if exam papers are not well designed, it is possible for someone with good memorization techniques to pass the test without any meaningful comprehension of the subject.

The main disadvantage of rote learning is that it is boring and extremely limited. Meaningful learning refers to the concept that the learned knowledge is fully understood by the individual and that the individual knows that specific fact related to other stored facts. For understanding this concept, it is good to contrast meaningful learning with the much less desirable, rote learning. So, rote learned knowledge cannot be applied to other areas. Finally, the main disadvantage of rote learning is that it is short lived and forgotten soon.

In conclusion, Rote learning and meaningful learning are their own meaning their own definitions. Rote learning and meaningful learning are not comparable, both have their own advantages and disadvantages, both are equally important in their ways and so instead of opposing each other, both should complement each other.