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Sunday, December 13, 2009

A dangerous sport

·         There are many dangerous sports played in the world
·         Like boxing, rugby, wrestling and bungee jumping
·         Some people play dangerous sports because they love adventure
·         Others play for money
·         Any sport which can risk life is dangerous
·         Here I am going to talk about the most dangerous sport of all according to me
·         It is wrestling
·         It is a contact sport
·         I see wrestling programs on TV
·         My brother is all the time watching wrestling
·         Players injure each other badly
·         There is so much blood from wounds
·         It is a very old game
·         In Punjab it is called pehalwani
·         If it is played with rules it seems not so dangerous
·         But on the TV they seem to play without any rules
·         That is very bad

An animal that lives in water

·         Almost two third of the earth is covered with water
·         There are many animals that live in water
·         Such animals are called aquatic animals
·         Many types of fish live in water
·         Here I am going to talk about an animal that lives in water but is not a fish
·         It is a mammal
·         It is the whale
·         It gives birth to its young one and suckles to feed it
·         It cannot breathe under water
·         It has to come to the surface to breathe
·         Even the little baby has to be pushed to the surface to breathe.
·         The whale can live under water for a long time on one breath.
·         The whale eats small fish in the water
·         Such small fish are called plankton
·         The blue whale is the largest mammal
·         The largest land mammal is elephant.
·         I saw a program on whales on Discovery channel
·         I was very impressed by the whale.
·         I was so excited I saw the whole program
·         The program also talked about many other animals which live in water.
·         The frog can live on land and water
·         It is an amphibian

Saturday, December 12, 2009

Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those in the local community who need it. Others, however, prefer to give money to national and international charitable organisations. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Intro:  You can begin with a quotation
“ To have enough to share; to know the joy of giving; to thrill with all the sweets of life  - is living”

Para 1: Advantages of direct help
1.      A person remains directly in touch with the needy
2.      You can see how your money is being used – no mediators and so no chances of corruption
3.      Moreover, charity begins at home

Para 2: Advantages of joining national and international organisation
1.      Can work on a larger platform – for global issues – larger platform is a must
2.      Help activities can be better spread through a larger network. You feel part of a global village.

Conclusion: Help in any form is good. Depends on the condition of the country.

International tourism has become a huge industry in the world. Do the problems of international travel outweigh its advantages?

Intro – Faster planes – cheaper flights. In developed societies – visiting exotic places is a status symbol. Tourism industry of both developing and developed countries are taking advantage.

Para 1 : Problems of international tourism
1.      Increase in crime – tourists are in unfamiliar territory and carry visible items of wealth like cameras and jewellery which can be easily disposed off for a profit.
2.      Health – spread of infectious and contagious diseases like SARS, AIDS etc.
3.      Damage to environment

 Para 2: Advantages
1.      Boost economy

Para 3: Advantages
1.      Cultural exchange
2.      Infrastructure develops which helps local people


Friday, December 11, 2009

Some people think history has nothing or little to tell us, but others think that studying the past history can help us better understand the present. Please discuss the two views and give your own opinion.


Para 1: importance of the study of history
1.      Evolution of civilization
-          Evolution of progress
-          Evolution of technology
-          Evolution of academics
2.      Inspiration of the great men of the past
3.      So that we don’t repeat the mistakes of the past
Para 2 : American and French revolution has no bearing on today’s life

Para 3 : Nevertheless they teach us
-          the value of liberty
-          the importance of self-governance

Conclusion: v. imp. To study history

In many countries more and more young people are leaving school but unable to find jobs. What problems do you think youth unemployment causes for individuals and the society? What measures should be taken to reduce the level of unemployment among youngsters?

Para 1: Effects on individual
-          Economic loss
-          Peace of mind and feeling of security is lost
-          Self worth is lost
-          Social status and status within the family is lost
-          Mental health is affected
Para 2: Effects on society
-          Increased poverty
-          Crime
-          Political instability
-          Diminished health standards
Para 3: What can be done
-          Education system reform – many people are without jobs and many jobs are without suitable people
-          Government subsidies to those firms that take on unemployed people
-          Control of birth rate – fewer children to care for and feed
-          Set up industries based on agriculture
-          Set up cottage industries – carpets – mats – soaps

Today, the advanced science and technology have made great changes to people's life, but artists such as musicians, painters and writers are still highly valued. What can arts tell us about life that science and technology cannot?

Intro: Science and technology give us better life but arts tells us how to live that life.

Para 1: How science makes life easier
-          Living in better condition
-          Everything is very convenient
-          Good source of earning

Para 2: Art is the heartbeat of life
-          Relaxes our mind
-          Makes us realise the beauty around us
-          Provides mental satisfaction
Para 3: both are inseparable
-          We can have things but to arrange them we need art
-          We can fulfil body’s need but to fulfil soul’s need, we need art.

Conclusion: Artists are still valued because they provide eternal bliss. They are good stress-busters

Useful language
The limitations of science are the most evident in attempts to use scientific methods to unveil the secrets of art. Science 'knows everything' about the grand piano: the number, quality and length of its strings; the species of wood used; the composition of the glue, and the finest details of its design. Nevertheless, it is unable to explain what happens to this polished box when a virtuoso sits down to play. 
In Science truths are proved and phenomena are explained. In art they are interpreted. Logical reasoning is alien to art which substitutes the spontaneous cogency of images for rigorous proofs. 
As a rule, science can explain why this formula is good and why that theory is bad. Art can only show the fascination of music and the brilliance of a sonnet, never explaining anything completely. 
Any actor understands that he cannot reach the acme of his art without first mastering the sciences of diction, mimicry, and gesture. And only then (provided he is talented, of course!) can he create something unique and wondrous quite unconsciously.
There is an apparent complementarity in the methods utilized by art and science to know the world. Science relies routinely on the analysis of facts and search for cause-effect relations; it strives to ' ... find an eternal law in the marvellous transmutations of chance', endeavours to ' ...find a fixed pole in the endless train of phenomena'. Art, on the other hand, is largely unconscious synthesis, which finds among the same 'transmutations of chance' the only and the inimitable ones and among the same 'endless train of phenomena' infallibly selects only those that enable one to sense the harmony of the whole. 

Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Speaking interview dated 8-12-2009(Jaspal)

1.   What is your name?
2.   How shall I call you?
3.   Are you a student or do you work?
4.   Why did you choose these subjects?
5.   Do you use internet?
6.   Where did you use internet
7.   Who taught you?
8.   What is its influence in your daily life?
9.   Do you like shopping?
10.              Do you prefer shopping in big shops or small shops?
11.              What do you dislike about shopping?
12.              When did you last do shopping?
A course you would like to do in future
-      what kind of course it is,
– why you would like to do it,
– whether it will be difficult for you,
– what you would like about it.

1.   When would you do this course
2.   What are the benefits of this course?
3.   What will you do after the course?
4.   Do you like other courses?
5.   Do you think Indian people prefer this course?
6.   In your country, do employers prefer work experience or qualification
7.   What makes a good teacher?
8.   Do you think school lessons and teachers are necessary for successful learning?
9.   Do you think we learn differently in different ages? How?

Speaking interview dated 8-12-2009(Mandeep)

1.   What is your name?
2.   How shall I call you?
3.   Are you a student or do you work?
4.   Do you drive?
5.   Do you like mobile phone?
6.   Do you prefer mobile phone or landline?
7.   Do you think handwriting will die in the future?
8.   Do you like handwriting or on the computer?
9.   Do you think handwriting is still important?
10.              Do you like working with people or working alone?
11.              Who cooks in your home?

Talk about a good news you received through phone
-      What was the news
-      What time you heard it
-      Who gave you the news
1.   What place in your hometown do you like the most
2.   Why visitors visit your country?
3.   Is mobile phone very popular in your country?
4.   Why people like mobile phone?

Speaking interview dated 8-12-2009(Madan)

1.   What is your full name?
2.   How shall I call you?
3.   May I see your identification?
4.   Describe your house?
5.   Which is your favourite room
6.   How often do you go out with friends?
7.   Do you like writing?
8.   Do you prefer writing by hand or by computer? Why?
9.   Do you prefer going out with just a few friends?
10.              When was the last time you went out with friends?
Talk about a historical place in your country
-      Where is it located
-      Why you like it
1.   Why people like historical places.
2.   What historical places are there in your country
3.   Should there be a ticket to see these places?

Thursday, December 3, 2009

Speaking Interview dated 3-12-2009 ( Sukhjit)

1.   What is your full name?
2.   What shall I call you?
3.   Where are you from?
4.   Talk about the apartment or flat that you live in.
5.   Why do you like your hometown?
6.   Does shopping give you pleasure?
What shop do you like most
-      Where is it
-      What things are available there
-      What do you like to buy
1.   Do you think saving is beneficial?
2.   Do you like shopping?
3.   Do you think that people go for shopping when they are upset?
4.   What do you think, are men’s shopping habits different women’s?
5.   Do men do more shopping than women?
6.   How would you encourage the society to save money?
7.   Do you think adults save more money than children do?
8.   Should schools implant some kind of saving scheme?
9. How do people know about saving?